Harry Julius Frederick Unmack
Harry’s grandfather, Carl Unmack, arrived in Australia aboard the Peter Godeffroy in December 1852 with a cousin who was also named Carl Unmack. He emigrated from Neu Buckow in Mecklenburg, the same village as the Ziebell family and others living at Westgarthtown. On March 1856, Carl married Wilhelmine Westphal, who had arrived in Australia on the Helene only two months earlier, suggesting they knew each other in Germany. Wilhelmine was accompanied to Australia by Christian Ziebell on his return from a visit back to Mecklenburg. Although Carl and Wilhelmine gave their address as Westgarthtown at the time of their marriage, their usual address was Bendigo, where he had been a gold miner since 1854. Both were 26.
After gold mining and cattle dealing, Carl established a butchery business in Bendigo in 1876 in partnership with son-in-law Bernhard Sprenger, who married his eldest daughter, Fredericke. When Carl died in 1902 aged 71, he left seven children. Wilhelmine died in 1909. Both are buried in the Bendigo Cemetery. Harry’s father Charles and his uncle Alfred continued the butchery partnership. Charles, who died in 1917, had a sister Sophia who married Charles Ziebell, the Fitzroy chemist, who was a grandson of Christian and Sophia Ziebell.
Harry enlisted at Bendigo on 7 December 1914. A process engraver employed by the Melbourne firm of Webb & Co., he was 18, but gave his age as 19. His religion was Church of England. Harry, who had previously served with the Senior Cadets, Citizen Forces was allocated to the 3rd Reinforcements, 4th Light Horse Regiment, Private, No. 816 and embarked for Egypt aboard the Katuna on 3 February 1915.
After training in Egypt, Harry joined the 4th Light Horse Regiment at Gallipoli on 5 August 1915. He was transferred to the 4th Machine Gun Squadron on 21 September, but was admitted to hospital on 10 November. He was evacuated from Gallipoli to Egypt and admitted to No. 15, General Hospital at Alexandria on 15 November with neurasthenia. He was transferred to No. 1, Australian General Hospital at Heliopolis on 21 December 1915 with concussion of the spine and the following day moved to the 1st Australian Convalescent Depot.
Harry wrote back to Australia from Alexandria advising of his wounds. He:
Harry was invalided to Australia aboard the Karoola which left Suez on 20 January and arrived back on 21 February 1916. Although he was sent home ‘for six months change’, he was discharged as medically unfit from the AIF on 14 May 1916. He was awarded a war pension of £3 per fortnight from 15 May, reduced to £2 from 25 October 1917.
Harry’s sister Sophie’s husband, Lieutenant George Mills, also served during World War 1, with the 38th Battalion.
After his father’s death, Harry’s mother moved to Sydney. Harry was living at Forbes in 1923 and Eugowra in 1924, then in 1926 he married Constance Husband at Sydney. They had moved to Melbourne by 1931 where he worked as a process engraver. He died on 15 January 1972 aged 75. His wife had predeceased him in 1968 and both were cremated at Springvale. Harry is commemorated in the Victorian Garden of Remembrance at Springvale.